Adelaide, South Australia
Named in honour of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for a freely-settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens, in the area originally inhabited by the Kaurna people. Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, and entirely surrounded by parklands. Early Adelaide was shaped by religious freedom and a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties, which led to the moniker "City of Churches".
"...Twain disappointed the crowd waiting there [at the Adelaid railway station], for his party (along with American consul, C.A. Murphy) had left the train at Aldgate, some twenty rail miles southeast of the city, and instead meandered by open carriage for about two hours through the wooded hill country, 'which did not remind Mark Twain of the Sierra Nevada or Pacific Slope'." (Shillingsburg p74)
Mark Twain stayed at the South Australian Club Hotel from October 12, 1895 to October 16, 1895. He gave four performances at the Theatre Royal.
"Twain's health curtailed his accepting invitations: during his four days in Adelaide, the appreciative editor of the Advertiser wrote, 'he gave four lectures and attended several welcome meetings of a more or less public character, and in the intervals he hardly ever left his room, declining, with evident reluctance, invitations of a private nature. The programme prearranged was courageously gone through, but real and obvious pain prevented its being materially exceeded. Thus Adelaide had a somewhat tantalizing glimpse of ... a great man'." (Shillingsburg p83)
"Twain, Carlyle Smyth, Livy and Clara arrived in Adelaide in time for Commemoration Day, celebrated on Monday the thirtieth [December, 1895]". They were enroute from Melbourne on their was to India. The ship, RMS Oceana, anchored in Largs Bay, South Australia. The actual celebration occured in Glenelg, about seven miles from Adelaide. (Shillingsburg, p192).