Ian Strathcarron, in Innocence and War, notes that the caravansera was lead by a Maltese dragoman named Abraham and his assistant from Alexandria, Mohammed. It consisted of twelve (12) horses for the eight Americans and the dragomen; nineteen (19) porters, bearers, and waiters, all on foot; and twenty-six (26) pack mules and camels. That's traveling in style just like the old African safari movies.
The Innocents Abroad - Chapter 41
The Pilgrims are "busted" for vandalism, the pilfering of souvenirs from Ephesus. They are quite indignant about it when they think the order to empty their pockets originated with the Ottomans. They become contrite when it is discovered that the British Empire is only protecting an English company holding the excavation rights. I assume this is the same company John Turtle Wood is associated with.
This portion of the book is not represented in any of the letters posted by Mark Twain during the excursion nor is the following section on the rather hectic preparations on board the ship prior to their arrival in Beirut.
The excursion then sails from Smyrna to Beirut, Lebanon where eight of the party, including Mark Twain, embark on the "Long Trip" through Syria by Baalbec to Damascus then through the full length of Palestine.